For those who take English as a foreign language and seldom stay in a native language environment, we may find many mistakes when speaking English. Here is quite a common example that we always confuse the word of ‘cold’ and ‘flu’, what’s more, very few English teachers put this in their explanation that where are the differences. Quite occasionally I get a table from the official site of Timaflu when google for it.
Here is a comparison table between the flu and the cold.
|Fever is rare with a cold.
|Fever is usually present with the flu in up to 80% of all flu cases. A temperature of 100°F or higher for 3 to 4 days is associated with the flu.
|A hacking, productive (mucus- producing) cough is often present with a cold.
|A non-productive (non-mucus producing) cough is usually present with the flu (sometimes referred to as dry cough).
|Slight body aches and pains can be part of a cold.
|Severe aches and pains are common with the flu.
|Stuffy nose is commonly present with a cold and typically resolves spontaneously within a week.
|Stuffy nose is not commonly present with the flu.
|Chills are uncommon with a cold.
|60% of people who have the flu experience chills.
|Tiredness is fairly mild with a cold.
|Tiredness is moderate to severe with the flu.
|Sneezing is commonly present with a cold.
|Sneezing is not common with the flu.
|Cold symptoms tend to develop over a few days.
|The flu has a rapid onset within 3-6 hours. The flu hits hard and includes sudden symptoms like high fever, aches and pains.
|A headache is fairly uncommon with a cold.
|A headache is very common with the flu, present in 80% of flu cases.
|Sore throat is commonly present with a cold.
|Sore throat is not commonly present with the flu.
|Chest discomfort is mild to moderate with a cold.
|Chest discomfort is often severe with the flu.
For details, you can visit: http://www.tamiflu.com/about/coldflu.aspx